History of Narenjestan-e Ghavam
Narenjestan-e Ghavam is not just a historical site. It is better to say that it’s the house of mirror work and art. Narenjestan-e Ghavam, also known as Ghavam House, is one of the most remarkable buildings that was built in Qajar dynasty, by Ali Mohammad Khan-e Qavam-ol-Molk.
In 1873, Qavam Ol-Saltaneh became the governor of Fars province and he decided to build a spectacular house and a big beautiful building with a great garden of sour orange (Narenj in Persian). Since then it became popular because of this magnificent garden and instead of Ghavam House, everyone called it Narenjestan (garden of sour orange).
Ali Mohammad Khan Qavam-ol-Molk started the construction of this garden in 1878, and Mirza Mohammad Reza Khan, the grandson of the first Qavam-ol-Molk and grandfather of Qavam, finished the work in 1921.
This building was a suitable place for upper-class families during the 19th century. During the Pahlavi era( In 1966) The University of Shiraz became the owner of this place and between 1969 – 1979 an Asian institute under the provision of Professor Pope, an American expert in Iranian Art, used this garden as their research project. Finally, in recent years the underground on the northern part of this building became a museum, and you can find interesting donated objects from Professor Pope in this museum.
The beauties of this UNESCO world heritage site starts from its entrance. The bricks around the door are decorated with verses of the Quran and a poem of an Iranian poet named Asudeh Shirazi, which is about the garden and its builder.
The moment that you step into the garden, you will see a big fountain in the middle that starts from the entrance and goes on in front of the main building. On each side of the fountain, colorful flowers and trees of bitter orange add to the wonders of this house. The remarkable Narenjestan gives you a wonderful feeling because of the smell of the trees blossom, especially in spring.
Buildings of the Ghavam House
The garden consists of three buildings on different sides. The main building has two floors, a basement and a big porch which is decorated with mirrors and paintings. The building is well embellished by elegant mirrors, colorful tiles and wood works. All the doors and windows in this building are made with walnut wood and the glasses look like a rainbow. However, it is worth mentioning that all the walls are decorated with mirrors. As you walk in, you will just turn around yourself to see this amazing place. The reflection of the mirrors will grant you a spectacular impression.
The method of uniformity is noticeable in the rooms of this building from the floors to the ceilings. They are all covered with colorful and graceful designs and the remarkable paintings which resembles the paintings of Victorian era in Europe and it was used in Qajar era.